TYPES OF ENGINEERING
Traditionally, engineering is divided into four main categories; chemical, civil, electrical and mechanical engineering. Most recently a number of IT/Software and Computer/Cyber systems roles are classified as engineering roles.
Chemical engineering involves the application of different science principles with maths to solve problems related to chemicals, fuels and other materials. Some engineers design and operate machinery that handle the manufacturing processes. In chemical engineering there is a lot of pressure on research and development; alongside a high standard of focus on health and safety.
Civil engineers are responsible for designing, building and manufacturing the infrastructure in the world around us. One of their main roles is to study maps and survey reports and other data in order to obtain the safest structure possible in the most efficient manner. Another key responsibility is surveying land which involves assessing and recording details about an area of land to help plan construction projects. To work in civil engineering, you will need a Bachelor’s Degree in Civil Engineering or a related field.
Mechanical engineers are typically involved in:
The generation, distribution and use of energy
The processing of materials
The control and automation of manufacturing systems
The design and development of machines
The solution to some environmental problems.
Veterans in this field don’t necessarily need a degree in mechanical engineering but it definitely would help; alongside a somewhat basic understanding of maths and physics. However, your willingness and ability to learn efficiently and quickly about the relevant topics is useful.
Electrical engineering has recently experienced huge developments due to the widespread use of electronic hardware in robotics, automation and other fields. Becoming an electrical engineer requires a Bachelor's Degree in Engineering or a closely related field. Working in electrical engineering is attractive to some veterans as it involves individuals who are highly organised and who work well with processes. A career in electrical engineering has a wealth of opportunity to grow and develop within the role into managerial and supervisory roles - both of which leadership skills would be valuable.
IT/Software engineering involves both computer systems and the development of software products. It operates within a set of principles, best practices and methods that have been carefully tested and developed to meet the needs and requirements of ever changing software and technology.
COMPUTER/ CYBER SYSTEMS ENGINEERING
Computer and Cyber engineering sit between IT and traditional engineering and incorporate different fields of electrical engineering and computer science. The skills required in this discipline are in very short supply - a problem that will continue to grow as greater reliance is placed on robotics and automation. Roles for military jobseekers to look for are: digital forensics, security policy and network defense; cybersecurity and IT or cyber project management.
AVERAGE ENGINEER SALARY
The industry has a lot of career progression potential with salaries spanning from a starting salary of £28k all the way to experienced/chartered engineers earning up to £57k/£77k (with each subdivision’s salaries average at around £44k-£48k). Mechanical engineering remains one of the broadest and popular disciplines within engineering.